It is the branch of forensic medicine dedicated to the study of the medical and legal aspects of the causes of bodily injury caused by physical or psychological trauma. A forensic specialist must possess in-depth technical and scientific knowledge in various areas of medicine such as physiology, neurology, anatomy, orthopedics, surgery and clinical. Forensic medicine in Brazil, aware of the inclusion of new techniques, advances in science and multiprofessional contribution, has made a small progress in the field of expertise, thanks to the performance of some public sectors in the creation, restoration and handling of laboratories, specialized institutions and the retraining of technical staff. It is believed that only with the full participation of these resources will society resist the perverse result of terrible violence that grows and torments. Nothing is fairer than to invest more and more in technical and scientific contribution and to support the judicial administration of investigative elements of transcendent value during the procedural assessment, because one of the tasks of the judge among many others is to seek the truth about the facts. In the future, all these enormous scientific and technological resources available for testing will certainly be used; such as biomolecular analysis, biochemistry of drug detection and even nuclear energy, as well as modern computers, scintigraphs and magnetic resonance tomographs as an indispensable contribution to public and socio-political interests. Forensic medicine in the experimental field in Brazil is still in its infancy and hesitant, but some lines of research are beginning to develop in university centers. In the field of education, where forensic medicine contributes more eloquently to the adaptation of positive law institutions, everything will be done on the basis of the more concrete requirements that these legal forms will make and the development of forensic thinking itself; Issues related to genetic engineering are increasingly coming to the fore, such as those of transgenic animals, human cloning and gene therapy or, in the most sensitive cases, human reproduction, which focus mainly on certain issues relating to the legal nature and fate of frozen embryos. In pedagogical terms, Brazilian forensic medicine experienced more enlightened days, when the chairs were led by the great teachers who created around them important students and respectable schools. Today, with honourable exceptions, given the disorderly and irresponsible creation of medical and legal courses, professionals are recruited without qualifications and without intimacy with the subject. Therefore, these chairs owe much to our tradition, and if there is no well-articulated work to regain such prestige, in the future we will have forensic medicine taught according to a model far from its untenable needs.

For example, many law schools already have this discipline as an option, and in others, even worse, the discipline does not exist. It is occupied by other disciplines of dubious existence and utility. Doubts remain about the quality of these future professionals in training. As far as education is concerned, it is necessary to assess the teaching activity and to provide the educational apparatus with the necessary conditions for the compulsory teaching of forensic medicine and forensic medicine, these qualified professional disciplines being always engaged before this project. They are also necessary for the establishment and expansion of specialization, master`s and doctoral programs in forensic pathology, not only to qualify teachers, but also to recruit other professions. The problem of research and research of medico-legal interest is even more complex, in which availability for the sector should be concentrated. What is interesting in this aspect is to sensitize public and private universities to the recruitment of researchers whose task would be to facilitate quality scientific production in this priority area. If you are looking for theoretical material to study for college or do research in the field, the one given is a reference book of the region. However, if you want to prepare for the competitions, you should look for a Coroner`s Contest Preparation Book. The performance of the coroner or simply the coroner is quite extensive. Contrary to what one can imagine, the work of people dedicated to this field is not limited to necroscopic examinations.

A reference work in the region, with 40 years of tradition, is the forensic medicine book of Dr. Genival France. In order not only to reveal technical facts, but also to stimulate argumentation, argumentation and conclusion in the forensic field, the France develops a clear and comprehensive didactic language to study the subject. It is the branch of forensic medicine dedicated to the study of the identity and identification of an individual. Its objectives include the identification of human remains and, if possible, the causes and circumstances of death by examining bones and injuries. For this, resources such as typing, iridology, papilloscopy and DNA testing are used. Forensic medicine is a pluralistic specialty because it applies the knowledge of the different branches of medicine to the needs of law. But it`s science and art at the same time.

It is science because it coordinates and systematizes common truths to form an orderly and doctrinal multitude; It is art because it employs techniques, methods and tactics that lead to the required practical mission, which is to clarify the truth. “Forensic medicine is the body of medical and paramedical knowledge intended to serve the law, collaborating in its elaboration, assisting in the interpretation and collaborating in the execution of legal instruments related to its field of activity of applied medicine” (Hélio Gomes). The main objective of the scientific discipline is to study issues related to sexual relations and their impact on legal issues. Very important to solve sex crimes. Classification from a historical point of view concerns the different evolutionary phases of this science, which it divides into forensic medicine, legislative forensic medicine, doctrinal forensic medicine and philosophical forensic medicine. There are three subgroups in which the field of forensic medicine exerts its influence: Forensic medicine comprises a wide range of services at the interface between scientific practice and law, currently in the field of social medicine. Traumatology or, also called forensic lesonology, studies the injuries and pathologies, immediate or late, produced by violence on the human body, in their aspects of diagnosis, prognosis and their legal and socio-economic consequences. Forensic tanatology is dedicated to the study of information about the circumstances of death, such as its mechanisms and causes, such as accidents, homicides, suicides or deaths due to natural causes. (c) The broader concept of health and the social role of physicians and health professionals, with important changes in the context of social reintegration and policy models; The specialty of forensic medicine focuses on the study of the health and mental integrity of the individual and his ability to accept acts of civil life or to be held criminally responsible for his attitudes. To top it off, medical reports can still be legally used by defense attorneys (or public defenders) and prosecutors in trials that attempt to convict suspects who committed these crimes.

Forensic medicine is a medical specialty that uses technical-scientific knowledge to cooperate in the implementation of justice. It helps clarify relevant facts in a legal dispute.