Increase in maximum penalty for criminal damages of less than £5,000 to a monument from 3 months to 10 years imprisonment Damage to a monument is a criminal offence of criminal harm and if the value of the damage is less than £5,000, the powers of the court are limited as described above. What do you mean by “individual horticultural elements”? If a specific planting of trees, hedges or flowers took place to form a memorial garden or arboretum, WMA would register the monument as a whole. For example, an avenue of trees is recorded as a single monument, even though each tree has a separate dedication. However, if a tree is planted in isolation from other elements, for example if it is a war memorial tree in a community park, the individual tree is registered. The relocation of war memorials to churches or cemeteries requires the advice of the diocesan advisory council and a faculty (building permit from ecclesiastical authorities). The relocation of war memorials to other locations may still be subject to a building permit. The relocation of a listed memorial would require a classified building permit. It is quite common for an additional dedication in memory of a war victim to be placed on the tombstone, headstones or memorial of another family member. When war victims are buried elsewhere, the extension of the tombstone is considered a war memorial.
If the tombstone marks the grave of the war victim, then it is a grave and would not be considered a war memorial. Before 1900, it is highly unusual for other ranks on a war memorial to be commemorated by name, although there are some examples from the Afghan and Sikh Wars (1840s) and the Crimean War (1853-1856). Officers who tended to come from wealthier families may have personal memorials with detailed family information and be named on regimental monuments. Background There is a widely held view that the current law does not provide sufficient powers to enable the Court to deal effectively with the desecration of war memorials and other statues. The issue resurfaced in the summer of 2020, when many statues and monuments were damaged, which greatly worried the general public. The Government has listened to these concerns and proposed these changes, which will allow the courts to effectively address damage to memorials. The official rules of the Price Media Law Moot Court Competition state that any source or authority used in written submissions must be supported by bibliographic information using the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edition). Failure to comply with OSCOLA rules will result in the deduction of points for penalties, as mentioned in the official competition rules. This video, produced by one of OSCOLA`s editors – Sandra Meredith, who is also a lecturer in legal research at Oxford University Law School – introduces students to the fundamentals of OSCOLA.
Crucial for any student who participates or wants to participate in this contest, it is very helpful to understand some of the more complex parts of OSCOLA. Instead, in cases where a monument has been damaged, the nature of the proceedings is not determined by the monetary value of the damage caused, and the maximum prison sentence is ten years in prison. What types of events are summarized under the terms “conflict” or “war”? Conflict or war includes officially declared states of war, armed conflicts, civil wars, rebellions and acts of terrorism. None of these organizations that have subscribed to this definition judges conflicts, nor represents a political or other point of view associated with specific conflicts or the general principle of conflict. After 1900, it is more likely that other ranks and officers will be commemorated by name on a war memorial. A number of factors stemming from the Army`s Cardwell reforms in the 1870s, linking communities to local regiments, to the scale of the losses of the First World War, led to the erection of a large number of monuments and shrines across the country, making it the largest public art project ever seen in Britain. Monuments began to commemorate not only the deceased, but also those who served and returned, and with the advent of all-out war, civilian casualties are also recorded. Foreign nationals can also be commemorated on war memorials in the UK.
There are war memorials in Britain that commemorate events from the 7th century onwards, but most date back to the First World War. The term “war” can include wars, insurgencies, emergencies or conflicts, civil wars, rebellions and acts of terrorism, whether or not war has been officially declared. In Scotland, the Scottish Government`s Centenary Memorials Restoration Fund is providing £1 million from 2013 to 2018 to restore all types of war memorials in Scotland. Applications for grants of up to 75% of the eligible cost of up to £30,000 for all types of war memorials can be made, regardless of the conflict they commemorate. Historic Scotland`s Technical Conservation Group covers conservation training costs of up to £1,000 through its Conservation Training Grant Programme. High-quality major repairs and restorations (not maintenance) of buildings of historic interest may be eligible for building repair grants, and there is also support through Ancient Monuments Grants for monuments that are not buildings inhabited or used by the church. A number of Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) grant programmes may also fund groups and communities in Scotland to preserve war memorials that are important to them. You should always contact the owner or manager of a war memorial before undertaking any work. Check the IWM database for war memorials, War Memorials Online and your local council. The monument may also be protected by certain legal designations, including inscription on the list, which may require special authorizations.
Check your national heritage list to make sure. Each monument presents a unique set of circumstances and materials, so the assessment of what is needed must be done on a case-by-case basis. Cleaning may be necessary if the visual appearance of the war memorial has deteriorated over time, for example: due to traffic pollution or overhanging vegetation. However, excessive cleaning can do more harm than leaving it as it is, so this is a sensitive area that needs to be carefully considered. Conservation may include cleaning, but will also address any issues that affect the future condition of the monument, such as repairing chipped mortar, which, if left untreated, could lead to further problems. If elements of the monument are damaged or damaged, repairs will be required. If the condition of the monument has deteriorated in a number of areas and/or if elements are damaged or lost, restoration would bring it back as close as possible to its original state. The proposed amendment will amend the Magistrates` Courts Act 1980 so that in the event of damage or desecration of a monument constituting an offence of criminal harm, the court will no longer be limited in its options if the cash value is estimated at less than £5,000. “Memorial n.” Dictionary of the Scotch Language. 2004.
Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Retrieved 17 November 2022. Ideally, a war memorial should be kept in its original location. However, relocation may be unavoidable if it is threatened, for example if a building has to be closed or demolished, or if an outdoor location is no longer suitable due to road modifications or improvements. The IWM War Memorials Register produces an index of First World War names appearing on war memorials across Britain.